originally from Guatemala Dr vas was has served hunsville as an Interventional cardiologist for almost 19 years with Huntsville being in the heart disease belt he wanted to share the three main types of heart blockages you should know about electrical blockages which are the ones that usually uh require treatment.
With pacemakers you have blockages in the heart arteries which is the plumbing uh system of the heart for which we a lot of times we use stance which are those uh Springs or metallic scaffolds that are intended at keeping arteries open and then there's also heart disease heart valve disease that where you can have.
Obstructions and uh malfunction of the opening of the heart valves all these blockages are dangerous and potentially fatal and Dr Vasquez says there are multiple reasons for these blockages to happen most importantly diet and genetics in Hansville he sees these types of blockages the most we see a variation of uh of different things when.
You talk about electrical issues by far the most common problem is what we call and know as atrial fibrillation which is not a an obstruction of the electrical system or rather a disorg ized electrical activity of the heart chambers usually the top chamber that we call the Atri and therefore the name Atri fibrillation although you can't.
Control genetics you can control exercise you always think of exercise and you and you think of the person that is out in the street running and having this suffering expression it doesn't have to be that and we we know that you don't have to overwork to get the or derive the benefits from exercise you can exercise 20 to 30.
Minutes two to three times a week and that is usually enough to gain the benefits of the cardiac benefits of exercise people forget that your heart is in fact a muscle says sedexo Regional dietician and wellness manager supporting Campus Dining Christina Carol Carol says the heart needs to be fed with proper fuel and definitely proper.
Hydration so that our heart our blood and our energy are pumping for us be able to do what we need to do each and every day Carol says throughout her experience at various universities it is obvious that Student Life can be very busy if we can make some helpful choices tying in with what we want with what we need then that can be a nice symbiotic.
Relationship where that you're healthy and happy you don't feel deprived and Crestwood Medical Center cardiologist Dr William Snyder says if you are experiencing any chest pain discomfort or pressure these are common heart disease symptoms uh running out energy being more short of breath uh filling up with some extra fluid or seeing swelling.
In in their legs uh they should certainly contact their primary care physician uh or an Urgent Care uh in that situation Dr Snider says some other small things we all can do every day is be more active uh such as taking the stairs uh at at work uh parking a little bit farther away and the parking lot pero says another important thing to.
Note is when you're going from coffee to energy drink to something else that combination can create the possibility for a toxic caffeine level where it negatively impacts heart function most importantly when incorporating heart healthy foods into your diet have foods that are rich in potassium so instead of regular potato chips maybe you're can.
Have kale chips or um sweet potato chips so that's going to give you still a little bit of the salty in the crunch you'll also get your antioxidants which is great for Total Health and immune function not just your heart and um then we also want to have fiber in our snacks which aids in digestion and helps lower.
Cholesteral when someone feels chest discomfort or pain in the shoulders jaw or left arm it's most likely someone may be experiencing a heart attack heart disease being the number one killer globally and heart attacks are quite common what exactly is this attack in the heart arteries plaque can develop within the lum or the inner lining of.
The vessel and if that plaque which has often has cholesterol in other particles in it if it if the surface of the plaque cracks or breaks open it sets off a Cascade in your body to form a blood clot Dr Green says that's how someone can go from being totally fine to having a heart attack now things can be worse for someone who has 100% blockage if the.
Blood vessels that supply the heart muscle happen to close completely then every minute that the heart muscle goes without blood flow there's irreversible damage to the muscle that can then lead to a lot of symptoms later in life full blockage or not doctors will then try to save their patient with a stent you probably have heard about a.
Stent but how does it work and so we work through a fancy straw oftentimes through the arm that we take up to the heart and then selectively place that straw right at the start of those little blood vessels and then we take a wire that's about 014 in in diameter and push the wire gently across the blockage and if it's a fresh blockage um oftentimes.
That blood clot dissolves very quickly with blood thinners that we give during the procedure and then over the wire we're able to rail a balloon over an even smaller straw inflate the balloon and that pushes the plaque out of the way once we can see the blood BL vessel clearly once the blood vessel is clear the stent is left which is a metal.
Scaffold that is mounted in the vessel now there is a way to prevent from having a stent and most importantly a heart attack Dr Green says stop smoking even vaping is a threat check your blood pressure regularly and if you do experience the symptoms of chest discomfort don't mistake it for indigestion Dr Green says call 911.
Immediately uh yeah this is sort of where I live my I spend my day he calls himself an electrician not the one that works on your home but your heart this is his office where he performs surgeries scheduled and on the spot one of the main types of procedures he sees atrial fibrillation is the most common Rhythm problem we see in America about.
One in three or to four alabamians will have a fib before the age of 75 so it's a quite common it's also responsible for a quarter of Strokes that happen in America but how does one know if they are affected very irregular in pattern often times people will feel the heart palpating or erasing flip-flopping things of that nature they can feel more.
Short of breath or fatigued or weak Dr tabaro has even seen it with people who have had fevers postop surgeries or admitted for covid it depends we've seen some people have it with their acute illness um so if a patient comes in with Co gets admitted to the ICU and then develops aib it's actually a marker of poor outcome and then but we've seen.
Plenty of people just have what feels like rapid heartbeat or apib in the weeks following Co now how do doctors like Tabo treat aib and so when we go inside the heart what we're often doing is cauterizing areas and you can use different types of things to heat or I mean different types of energy sources in order to create the ablation you can.
Use heat which is the most common we use an energy source called RF radio frequency oblation it's like a lot like a microwave where we're just cooking the tissue one of my partners does a lot of ablation with cryo which is sort of a freezing uh catheter and it just freezes the tissue and just like when you get.
Something super cold and it burns it can cause that same sort of energy there are ways to prevent from having this procedure that are very similar to any heart disease monitor your weight blood pressure wearing a CPAP may help regulate your heart as well okay so next week Wednesday which is hypertension Day May 17th from 12:00 to 4:00 we're going.
To be um offering ing free blood pressure screenings and if um the person that comes in has high blood pressure we're also going to be giving away free blood pressure monitors Central North Alabama Health Services incorporation case manager Shantel Rachel says this day is very important for several reasons having that screening being able.
To check your blood pressure how you doing this morning how you doing in the evening that can help with being bringing awareness to how your blood pressure is but also and what you need to do to lower that or keep it steady family nurse practitioner Virginia huntt says her first time meeting some of her patients is after they've let their.
Blood pressure get out of control so we really try to encourage patients to at least come in do an annual visit let us check your blood pressure talk to you about any habits that are contributing to that such as smoking a sedentary lifestyle um obesity is a huge contributing factor to uncontrolled blood pressure according to the Alabama.
Department of Public Health over 42% of alabamians reported having high blood pressure in 2021 given that high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke regular blood pressure monitoring is essential for optimal heart Health Central North Alabama Health Services incorporation director of public relations and.
Marketing H Rios says for those who have hypertension it becomes even more important to have a treatment plan and to work with your provider so I wanted to give a warm welcome to anyone that is looking for a provider um to establish care somewhere we are accepting new patients and for those who may be uninsured and meet criteria eligibility.
Living at 200% or below the federal poverty guidelines they may qualify for this program which again makes care affordable um and allows people to to see a primary care provider lastly Rachel says this is another important highlight to note for next Wednesday so also for on May 17th um for those that have high high blood pressure they come.
In if they are a patient here they will be enrolled what is called remote blood pressure monitoring program and that is specifically for those that have had pretention we give them the device and um case managers are able to monitor them they check it and we can see on the app how their readings are doing and um we asking them how they're taking their.
Medication sometimes we talk with the doctors um okay this medication we're taking this medication but um their blood pressure is still high what what should we do so it's more of a Hands-On outside of these four walls still checking that blood pressure on our end and their.